03 2d Bergambar

3 min read Jul 10, 2024
03 2d Bergambar

2D Drawing: A Comprehensive Guide

What is 2D Drawing?

2D drawing, also known as two-dimensional drawing, is a type of drawing that uses two dimensions, length, and width, to create an image. It is a fundamental skill in art, architecture, engineering, and design. 2D drawings are flat and do not have depth, unlike 3D drawings.

Types of 2D Drawings

Technical Drawings

Technical drawings are precise and detailed drawings used to communicate ideas, designs, and instructions. They are often used in architecture, engineering, and manufacturing.

Artistic Drawings

Artistic drawings are expressive and creative, used to convey emotions and moods. They can be abstract, figurative, or landscape drawings.

Cartoon Drawings

Cartoon drawings are humorous and exaggerated, used to tell stories and convey messages.

Tools and Materials

Traditional Tools

  • Pencils (graphite, colored)
  • Pens (ink, ballpoint)
  • Markers (felt-tip, brush-tip)
  • Erasers
  • Sharpeners
  • Tracing paper
  • Graph paper

Digital Tools

  • Computer-aided design (CAD) software
  • Graphic design software (Adobe Photoshop, Illustrator)
  • Digital drawing tablets
  • Stylus

Basic 2D Drawing Techniques


  • Straight lines
  • Curved lines
  • Diagonal lines
  • Hatching lines
  • Cross-hatching lines


  • Geometric shapes (circles, squares, triangles)
  • Organic shapes (free-form, irregular)


  • Light and dark values
  • Shading and shadowing
  • Texture and pattern

Tips and Tricks

  • Practice regularly to develop your drawing skills.
  • Use reference images to ensure accuracy and proportion.
  • Experiment with different tools and techniques to find what works best for you.
  • ** Pay attention to proportion, perspective, and scale**.


2D drawing is a fundamental skill that can be applied in various fields. With practice and patience, anyone can become proficient in 2D drawing. Whether you're an artist, architect, or engineer, understanding the basics of 2D drawing can help you communicate your ideas and bring them to life.

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